Fuentes de documentación

La información sobre riesgos químicos que contiene ChemHat procede de la Biblioteca de Sustancias y Materiales Químicos (CML, Chemical and Material Library), creada por la Red de Construcción Saludable (Healthy Building Network), para elaborar la base de datos PHAROS sobre sustancias químicas y materiales, relativos al sector de la construcción. La CML es una base de datos de referencia en su ámbito, que contiene una biblioteca con más de 22 000 sustancias y materiales químicos, incluidos en 30 listas oficiales de sustancias químicas peligrosas (véase la descripción más adelante) y nueve listas de sustancias restringidas, elaboradas por agencias gubernamentales estatales, nacionales e internacionales, y otras organizaciones no gubernamentales científicas acreditadas.

Cuando busque información sobre una sustancia química en ChemHat, encontrará iconos indicativos sobre los efectos que puede causar sobre la salud, así como información sobre las posibles formas de exposición a dicha sustancia (p. ej., por inhalación o contacto cutáneo u ocular). Si desea saber cómo se ha obtenido la información sobre un efecto en particular, pulse el enlace “¿Cómo lo sabemos?”, a la derecha del icono de peligros de la sustancia química de su interés. Las sustancias químicas que poseen iconos de efectos específicos para la salud pública o el medio ambiente en ChemHat han sido verificadas científicamente (véase a continuación la explicación en las listas oficiales).

Listas oficiales de información sobre peligros químicos

La información de PHAROS procede de dos tipos principales de listas asociadas a riesgos químicos: listas de sustancias químicas peligrosas y listas de sustancias restringidas (LSR). A continuación, se expone cómo PHAROS describe sus fuentes de documentación:

Diversos organismos gubernamentales estatales, federales e internacionales y organizaciones no gubernamentales (NGO) mantienen listas oficiales sobre peligros de sustancias químicos. Estas listas incluyen sustancias cuyas pruebas científicas sobre sus peligros químicos han sido revisadas metódicamente por un organismo oficial científico, y clasificadas en función del peligro específico para la salud o el medio ambiente. A veces, las listas clasifican la solidez de las pruebas científicas y la certeza sobre el peligro (p. ej., diferencian entre un carcinógeno “reconocido” o “sospechoso”). Muchas organizaciones, incluyendo empresas, compradores institucionales y entidades y gobiernos, confían en estas listas oficiales para evaluar los peligros químicos, cuando investigan sobre sustancias químicas, materiales y productos más seguros. Gracias a ChemHat, los trabajadores pueden disponer ahora de esta información.

Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC)

  • AOEC Exposure Codes - Asthmagen List

Safe Work Australia

  • Australia - GHS

Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association (BIFMA)

  • BIFMA - e3/level Annex B list of chemicals

Pattys Toxicology: author William K Boyes

  • Chemicals with occupational exposure standards based on nervous system effects (Boyes 2001)

Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (C2CPII)

  • Cradle to Cradle Certified™ v3 Banned List

California Environmental Protection Agency (CA EPA)

  • Chemicals Known to the State to Cause Cancer or Reproductive Toxicity - California Proposition 65 - Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act Of 1986

California Department of Toxic Substance Control (CA DTSC)

  • Safer Consumer Product Candidate Chemicals

Collaborative on Health and the Environment (CHE)

  • Toxicant and Disease Database

ChemSec, The International Chemical Secretariat

  • SIN (Substitute It Now) List

Clean Production Action (CPA)

  • Chemical Footprint Project - Chemicals of High Concern (CFP CoHC)

Danish Environmental Protection Agency (DK-EPA)

  • Danish Advisory List for Self-Classification of Dangerous Substances

Environment Canada & Health Canada (EC)

  • Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) - Environmental Registry - Domestic Substances List (DSL)
  • Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) - Environmental Registry - Toxic Substances List (Schedule 1)
  • Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) - Environmental Registry - Virtual Elimination List

Environmental Health Perspectives

  • San Antonio Statement on Brominated and Chlorinated Flame Retardants

European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

  • Classification, Labelling and Packaging Regulation (CLP) - Classification and Labelling Inventory - CMRs
  • EU - Cosmetics Regulation Annex II
  • European chemical Substances Information System (ESIS) - PBT List
  • Regulation on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) Annex 6 Table 3-1 - GHS Hazard code criteria
  • EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
  • Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on substances that deplete the ozone layer - Controlled substances and new substances
  • Public Activities Coordination Tool for Risk Management Option Analysis
  • EU Community Strategy for Endocrine Disruptors - Priority List
  • Restrictions On The Manufacture, Placing On The Market And Use Of Certain Dangerous Substances, Preparations And Articles - Carcinogens, Mutagens & Reproductive Toxicants
  • Restrictions On The Manufacture, Placing On The Market And Use Of Certain Dangerous Substances, Preparations And Articles - Excluding Carcinogens, Mutagens & Reproductive Toxicants
  • Commission Regulation (EC) No 987/2008 Annex I & 2 Exemptions from the Obligation to Register in accordance with REACH article 2(7)a
  • Directive on the Restriction Of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment ANNEX II Version 2.0
  • EU Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety - Fragrance Allergens
  • Substances of Very High Concern for REACH Annex XIV Authorisation (Article 59)

Lancet: authors Philippe Grandjean & Phil Landrigan

  • Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals, List of 201 Chemicals known to be neurotoxic in man

German Federal Environment Agency (FEA)

  • Administrative Regulation on the Classification of Substances hazardous to waters into Water Hazard Classes (Verwaltungsvorschrift wassergefahrdende Stoffe - VwVwS)

Green Science Policy Institute (GSPI)

  • Six Classes of Problematic Chemicals

Healthy Building Network (HBN)

  • HBN Priority Building Material Asthmagens List

Health Canada

  • Health Canada - Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist

International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization (IARC)

  • Monographs On the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans

Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC)

  • Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) Third Assessment Report, 2001

Government of Japan

  • Japan GHS Classifications

Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)

  • Korea GHS Classification and Labelling for Toxic Chemicals

International Living Future Institute (ILFI)

  • Living Building Challenge 2.1 - Red List of Materials & Chemicals
  • Living Building Challenge 3.0 - Red List of Materials & Chemicals
  • Living Building Challenge 3.1 - Red List of Materials & Chemicals

MAK Commission of Germany (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)

  • List of Substances with MAK & BAT Values & Categories

Malaysia Department of Occupational Safety and Health

  • Malaysia - GHS

Minnesota Department of Public Health

  • Minnesota Department of Health - Chemicals of High Concern and Priority Chemicals

Maine Department of Environmental Protection

  • Maine Department of Environmental Protection - Chemicals of High Concern and Priority Chemicals

New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)

  • New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (ORDEQ)

  • Priority Persistent Pollutant (P3) List

Oslo-Paris Convention Commission (OSPAR)

  • Chemical Lists of Priority Action & Possible Concern

Perkins+Will (P+W)

  • Precautionary List

Québec Workplace Health and Safety Commission (Commission de la santé et de la securite du travail (CSST))

  • Agents Causing Occupational Asthma With Key References
  • WHMIS-SIMDUT: Controlled Products Classifications

Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families (SCHF)

  • Hazardous 100+ List of Chemicals of High Concern

SC Johnson

  • Potential Skin Allergens in SC Johnson products

Silent Spring Institute

  • Mammary Carcinogens Review Database

The Endocrine Disruption Exchange (TEDX)

  • TEDX (The Endocrine Disruption eXchange) List of Potential Endocrine Disruptors

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • Rotterdam Convention Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Annex III Chemicals
  • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) - Annex A, B & C and under Review

US Centers for Disease Control (US CDC)

  • NIOSH Carcinogen List

US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA)

  • Safer Chemical Ingredients List (Positive List)
  • Extremely Hazardous Substances - EPCRA Section 302
  • VOCs exempt from smog regulation because of negligible photochemical reactivity
  • Global Warming Potentials of Ozone Depletors and Substitutes
  • Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 List of Hazardous Air Pollutants
  • Integrated Risk Information System Database (IRIS)
  • Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Registered Pesticides (Selections)
  • Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) Class I & Class II
  • Risk Management Actions & TSCA Work Plans
  • Priority Chemicals List
  • Priority PBT Profiles (Pollution Prevention and Toxics)
  • TRI PBT Chemical List

US Food and Drug Administration

  • US FDA - Antimicrobials Banned in Antiseptic Washes

US Department of Health & Human Services - National Institutes of Health (US NIH)

  • Report on Carcinogens
  • Expert Panel Reports & Monographs on Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity

US Department of Labor

  • TRI Carcinogens

US Green Building Council (USGBC)

  • LEED Pilot Credits: Chemical Avoidance in Building Materials

Washington State Department of Ecology (WA DOE)

  • WA Department of Ecology - WA - Chemicals of High Concern to Children
  • Chapter 173-333 WAC Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxins

Zero Discharge of Hazardous Waste Chemicals Programme

  • Zero Discharge Hazardous Chemicals Manufacturing Restricted Substances List v1.1