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Weaker effect / evidence

Sodium hypochlorite

CAS: 7681-52-9

How can this chemical affect my health?

Acute (Short Term) EffectsData sources

Toxic To Humans & Animals, priority yellow
Toxic to Humans & Animals – Can be fatal on contact, ingestion or inhalation for humans and other mammals.
Irritates The Skin, priority orange
Irritates the Skin – Can cause irritation or serious damage to the skin.
Irritates The Eyes, priority orange
Irritates the Eyes – Can cause irritation or serious damage to the eye.

Data sources

Direct Hazard » Toxic to Humans & Animals

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • FIFRA Registered Pesticide
    US EPA - OPP - Registered Pesticides
    US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA)
  • 6.1E (inhalation) - Acutely toxic
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H302 - Harmful if swallowed (unverified) [Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 4]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Irritates the Skin

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage [Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 1A or 1B or 1C]
    EU - GHS (H-Statements) Annex 6 Table 3-1
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • 6.3A - Irritating to the skin (Cat. 2)
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 8.2C - Corrosive to dermal tissue (Cat. 1C)
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage [Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 1A or 1B or 1C]
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • H315 - Causes skin irritation (unverified) [Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 2]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage (unverified) [Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 1A or 1B or 1C]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Irritates the Eyes

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H318 - Causes serious eye damage [Serious eye damage/eye irritation - Category 1]
    EU - GHS (H-Statements) Annex 6 Table 3-1
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • 8.3A - Corrosive to ocular tissue (Cat. 1)
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H318 - Causes serious eye damage [Serious eye damage / eye irritation - Category 1]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H319 - Causes serious eye irritation (unverified) [Serious eye damage/eye irritation - Category 2A]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H318 - Causes serious eye damage (unverified) [Serious eye damage/eye irritation - Category 1]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Chronic (Long Term) EffectsData sources

Asthma Trigger, priority orange
Asthma Trigger – Can result in high sensitivity so that small quantities trigger asthma, nose or sinus inflammation or other allergic reactions in the respiratory system.
Other Health Effects, priority yellow
Other Health Effects – Can cause serious damage on contact or ingestion.
Brain/nervous System Harm, priority gray
Brain/Nervous System Harm – Can cause damage to the nervous system including the brain.

Data sources

Direct Hazard » Asthma Trigger

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Asthmagen (Rs) - sensitizer-induced
    AOEC - Asthmagens
    Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC)

Direct Hazard » Other Health Effects

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H335 or H336 [Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following single exposure - Category 3]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H335 - May cause respiratory irritation [Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure; Respiratory tract irritation - Category 3]
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • H335 - May cause respiratory irritation (unverified) [Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure; Respiratory tract irritation - Category 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Brain/Nervous System Harm

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H336 - May cause drowsiness or dizziness (unverified) [Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure; Narcotic effects - Category 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Inherent HazardsData sources

Reactive, priority gray
Reactive – May spontaneously ignite or explode on its own or in contact with water.
Restricted List, priority gray
Restricted List – This chemical is on a list from an authoritative body recommending that its use be avoided.

Data sources

Direct Hazard » Reactive

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Class C - Oxidizing materials
    Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988
    Québec Workplace Health and Safety Commission (Commission de la santé et de la securite du travail (CSST))
  • Class E - Corrosive materials
    Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988
    Québec Workplace Health and Safety Commission (Commission de la santé et de la securite du travail (CSST))
  • Class F - Dangerously reactive materials
    Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988
    Québec Workplace Health and Safety Commission (Commission de la santé et de la securite du travail (CSST))
  • 5.1.1B - Oxidising substances that are liquids or solids: medium hazard
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H272 - May intensify fire; oxidiser (unverified) [Oxidizing liquids; Oxidizing solids - Category 2 or 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H290 - May be corrosive to metals (unverified) [Corrosive to metals - Category 1]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Restricted List

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Substances selected for RMOA or hazard assessment
    EU - PACT-RMOA Substances
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • Reportable Chemicals
    MA Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA) listed substances
    Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
  • Food Contact Chemicals Database Version 5.0
    Food Contact Chemicals Database (FCCdb)
    Food Packaging Forum
  • Food Contact Chemicals of Concern List (FCCoCL)
    Food Contact Chemicals of Concern (FCCoCL)
    Food Packaging Forum
  • Food Contact Chemicals of Concern List (FCCoCL) - TIER 3
    Food Contact Chemicals of Concern (FCCoCL)
    Food Packaging Forum

How does this chemical impact the environment?Data sources

Immediate Harm To Aquatic Ecosystems, priority orange
Immediate Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems – A single exposure may result in severe biological harm or death to fish or other aquatic organisms.
Long-term Harm To Aquatic Ecosystems, priority orange
Long-Term Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems – Long term exposure may result in irreversible harm to fish or other aquatic organisms.

Data sources

Direct Hazard » Immediate Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1]
    EU - GHS (H-Statements) Annex 6 Table 3-1
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • 9.1A (crustacean) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.1A (fish) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.1D (algal) - Slightly harmful in the aquatic environment or are otherwise designed for biocidal action
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life (unverified) [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Long-Term Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 1]
    EU - GHS (H-Statements) Annex 6 Table 3-1
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • 9.1B (algal) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.1B (crustacean) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.1B (fish) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 1]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 1]
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • H412 - Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects (unverified) [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects (unverified) [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 1]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H411 - Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects (unverified) [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 2]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

What safer alternatives are available for this chemical?

Find case studies related to substitutions for this chemical in SubsPORT, the substitution support portal.

How am I likely to be exposed to this chemical?

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Skin contact
Causes serious eye damage
Eye contact

How can I protect myself from exposure to this chemical in the workplace?

gloves
Handle with gloves
suit
Protective clothing
glasses
Safety eyeware