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Sodium chlorite

CAS: 7758-19-2

How can this chemical affect my health?

Acute (Short Term) EffectsData sources

Toxic To Humans & Animals, priority yellow
Toxic to Humans & Animals – Can be fatal on contact, ingestion or inhalation for humans and other mammals.
Irritates The Skin, priority orange
Irritates the Skin – Can cause irritation or serious damage to the skin.
Irritates The Eyes, priority yellow
Irritates the Eyes – Can cause irritation or serious damage to the eye.

Data sources

Direct Hazard » Toxic to Humans & Animals

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • FIFRA Registered Pesticide
    US EPA - OPP - Registered Pesticides
    US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA)
  • H311 - Toxic in contact with skin [Acute toxicity (dermal) - Category 3]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • H331 - Toxic if inhaled [Acute toxicity (inhalation) - Category 3]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • H301 - Toxic if swallowed [Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 3]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • Class D1B - Toxic material causing immediate and serious toxic effects
    Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988
    Québec Workplace Health and Safety Commission (Commission de la santé et de la securite du travail (CSST))
  • 6.1B (dermal) - Acutely toxic
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 6.1B (inhalation) - Acutely toxic
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 6.1C (dermal) - Acutely toxic
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 6.1C (inhalation) - Acutely toxic
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 6.1C (oral) - Acutely toxic
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H330 - Fatal if inhaled [Acute toxicity (inhalation: dust, mist) - Category 2]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H310 - Fatal in contact with skin [Acute Toxicity (dermal) - Category 2]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H301 - Toxic if swallowed [Acute Toxicity (oral) - Category 3]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H301 - Toxic if swallowed [Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 3]
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • H310 - Fatal in contact with skin [Acute toxicity (dermal) - Category 1 or 2]
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • H302 - Harmful if swallowed (unverified) [Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 4]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H301 - Toxic if swallowed (unverified) [Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H310 - Fatal in contact with skin (unverified) [Acute toxicity (dermal) - Category 1 or 2]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H311 - Toxic in contact with skin (unverified) [Acute toxicity (dermal) - Category 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H330 - Fatal if inhaled (unverified) [Acute toxicity (inhalation) - Category 1 or 2]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H332 - Harmful if inhaled (unverified) [Acute toxicity (inhalation) - Category 4]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Irritates the Skin

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage [Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 1]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • 6.3A - Irritating to the skin (Cat. 2)
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 8.2B - Corrosive to dermal tissue (Cat. 1B)
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H315 - Causes skin irritation [Skin corrosion / irritation - Category 2]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage [Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 1A or 1B or 1C]
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • H315 - Causes skin irritation (unverified) [Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 2]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage (unverified) [Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 1A or 1B or 1C]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Irritates the Eyes

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • 6.4A - Irritating to the eye (Cat. 2A)
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 8.3A - Corrosive to ocular tissue (Cat. 1)
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H319 - Causes serious eye irritation [Serious eye damage/eye irritation - Category 2A-2B]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H318 - Causes serious eye damage (unverified) [Serious eye damage/eye irritation - Category 1]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Chronic (Long Term) EffectsData sources

Cancer, priority gray
Cancer – Can cause or increase the risk of cancer.
Endocrine Disruption, priority orange
Endocrine Disruption – Can interfere with hormone communication between cells which controls metabolism, development, growth, reproduction and behavior (the endocrine system).
Reproductive Harm, priority red
Reproductive Harm – Can disrupt the male or female reproductive systems, changing sexual development, behavior or functions, decreasing fertility, or resulting in loss of the fetus during pregnancy.
Other Health Effects, priority yellow
Other Health Effects – Can cause serious damage on contact or ingestion.
Gene Damage, priority orange
Gene Damage – Can cause or increase the rate of mutations, which are changes in genetic material in cells.

Data sources

Direct Hazard » Cancer

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • (1996) Carcinogenic potential cannot be determined
    US EPA - IRIS Carcinogens
    US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA)
  • (1986) Group D - Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity
    US EPA - IRIS Carcinogens
    US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA)
  • Group 3 - Agent is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
    IARC
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization (IARC)

Direct Hazard » Endocrine Disruption

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Potential Endocrine Disruptor
    TEDX - Potential Endocrine Disruptors
    The Endocrine Disruption Exchange (TEDX)

Direct Hazard » Reproductive Harm

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • 6.8A - Known or presumed human reproductive or developmental toxicants
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)

Direct Hazard » Other Health Effects

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • 6.9B (oral) - Harmful to human target organs or systems (Cat. 2)
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H373 - May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure [Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following repeated exposure - Category 2]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H371 - May cause damage to organs [Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following single exposure - Category 2]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H373 - May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure [Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure - Category 2]
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • H335 - May cause respiratory irritation (unverified) [Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure; Respiratory tract irritation - Category 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H373 - May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure (unverified) [Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure - Category 2]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Gene Damage

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H341 - Suspected of causing genetic defects [Germ cell mutagenicity - Category 2]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan

Inherent HazardsData sources

Reactive, priority orange
Reactive – May spontaneously ignite or explode on its own or in contact with water.
Restricted List, priority gray
Restricted List – This chemical is on a list from an authoritative body recommending that its use be avoided.

Data sources

Direct Hazard » Reactive

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H272 - May intensify fire; oxidizer [Oxidizing solids - Category 2]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • Class C - Oxidizing materials
    Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988
    Québec Workplace Health and Safety Commission (Commission de la santé et de la securite du travail (CSST))
  • 5.1.1B - Oxidising substances that are liquids or solids: medium hazard
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H272 - May intensify fire; oxidizer [Oxidizing solids - Category 2]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H271 - May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidiser (unverified) [Oxidizing liquids; Oxidizing solids - Category 1]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H272 - May intensify fire; oxidiser (unverified) [Oxidizing liquids; Oxidizing solids - Category 2 or 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Restricted List

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Candidate Chemical List
    CA SCP - Candidate Chemicals
    California Department of Toxic Substance Control (CA DTSC)
  • Chemicals of High Concern
    MDH - Chemicals of High Concern and Priority Chemicals
    Minnesota Department of Public Health
  • Substances selected for RMOA or hazard assessment
    EU - PACT-RMOA Substances
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • Food Contact Chemicals of Concern List (FCCoCL)
    Food Contact Chemicals of Concern (FCCoCL)
    Food Packaging Forum
  • Food Contact Chemicals of Concern List (FCCoCL) - TIER 3
    Food Contact Chemicals of Concern (FCCoCL)
    Food Packaging Forum
  • Food Contact Chemicals Database Version 5.0
    Food Contact Chemicals Database (FCCdb)
    Food Packaging Forum

How does this chemical impact the environment?Data sources

Immediate Harm To Aquatic Ecosystems, priority orange
Immediate Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems – A single exposure may result in severe biological harm or death to fish or other aquatic organisms.
Harmful To Land Ecosystems, priority orange
Harmful to Land Ecosystems – Can cause harm to land based plants, animals or microorganisms.
Long-term Harm To Aquatic Ecosystems, priority orange
Long-Term Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems – Long term exposure may result in irreversible harm to fish or other aquatic organisms.

Data sources

Direct Hazard » Immediate Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • 9.1A (crustacean) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.1D (algal) - Slightly harmful in the aquatic environment or are otherwise designed for biocidal action
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.1D (fish) - Slightly harmful in the aquatic environment or are otherwise designed for biocidal action
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life (unverified) [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

Direct Hazard » Harmful to Land Ecosystems

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • 9.2A - Very ecotoxic in the soil environment
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.2B - Ecotoxic in the soil environment
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.3B - Ecotoxic to terrestrial vertebrates
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.3C - Harmful to terrestrial vertebrates
    GHS - New Zealand
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)

Direct Hazard » Long-Term Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 1]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • H412 - Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects (unverified) [Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 3]
    EU - Manufacturer REACH hazard submissions
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)

What safer alternatives are available for this chemical?

Information on safer alternatives is currently fairly limited, and not easily accessible or linked to information on chemicals in the workplace. Where we have information on safer alternatives, ChemHAT will display links to existing case studies of safer alternatives for the chemical.